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Department of Mathematics
University of Mississippi

Statistics Seminar

Seminars for Fall 2022

Wednesday, September 14, 2022
Hume 321 at 4:30 PM

Jialin Zhang
Mississippi State University

Unfolding Entropic Statistics
This talk is organized into three parts.
1) Entropy estimation in Turing’s perspective is described. Given an iid sample from a countable alphabet under a probability distribution, Turing’s formula (introduced by Good (1953), hence also known as the Good-Turing formula) is a mind-bending non-parametric estimator of total probability associated with letters of the alphabet that are NOT represented in the sample. Some interesting facts and thoughts about entropy estimators are introduced.

2) Turing’s formula brought about a new characterization of probability distributions on general countable alphabets that provides a new way to do statistics on alphabets, where the usual statistical concepts associated with random variables (on the real line) no longer exist. The new perspective, in turn, inspires some thoughts on the characterization of probability distribution when the underlying sample space is unclear. An application example of authorship attribution is provided at the end.

3) Shannon’s entropy is only finitely defined for distributions with fast decaying tails on a countable alphabet. The unboundedness of Shannon’s entropy over thick-tailed distributions on an alphabet prevents its potential utility from being fully realized. Zhang (2020) proposed generalized Shannon’s entropy (GSE), which is finitely defined everywhere. Some interesting results about GSE and a new test of independence inspired by GSE are introduced. The new test does not require the knowledge of cardinality, and it is consistent and would detect any form of dependence structure in the general alternative space given a sufficiently large sample.

Wednesday, September 28, 2022

Magda Peligrad
University of Cincinnati

The CLT for stationary Markov chains with trivial tail sigma field
In this talk we consider stationary Markov chains with trivial two-sided tail sigma field and present the tools leading to the following result: Any additive functional of such a Markov chain satisfies the central limit theorem provided the variance of partial sums divided by n is bounded.
The method is based on martingale decomposition using a new idea involving conditioning with respect to both the past and the future of the chain. No assumption of irreducibility or aperiodicity is needed.

Wednesday, October 12, 2022

Huybrechts Bindele
University of South Alabama

Robust estimation and selection for single-index regression model
In this talk, we will consider a single-index regression model, from which we will discuss a robust estimation procedure for the model parameters and an efficient variable selection of relevant predictors. The proposed approach known as the penalized generalized signed-rank procedure will be introduced. Asymptotic properties of the resulting estimators will be discussed under mild regularity conditions. Extensive Monte Carlo simulation experiments will be carried out to study the finite sample performance of the proposed approach. The simulation results will demonstrate that the proposed approach dominates many of the existing ones in terms of robustness in estimation and efficiency of variable selection. Finally, a real data example will be discussed to illustrate the method.

Wednesday, October 26, 2022

Ngongo Isidore Seraphin
ENS, Universite de Yaounde 1, Cameroun.

Inference for nonstationary time series of counts with application to change-point problems
We consider an integer-valued time series Y = (Yt)t∈Z where the model after a time k∗ is Poisson
autoregressive with the conditional mean that depends on a parameter θ∗ ∈ Θ ⊂ Rd. The structure of the
process before k∗ is unknown; it could be any other integer-valued time series, that is, the process Y could
be nonstationary. It is established that the maximum likelihood estimator of θ∗ computed on the nonstationary
observations is consistent and asymptotically normal. Subsequently, we carry out the sequential
change-point detection in a large class of Poisson autoregressive models. We propose a monitoring scheme
for detecting change in the model. The procedure is based on an updated estimator, which is computed
without the historical observations. The asymptotic behavior of the detector is studied, in particular, the
above results of inference in a nonstationary setting are applied to prove the consistency of the proposed
procedure. A simulation study as well as a real data application are provided.
Keywords: Time series of counts, Poisson autoregression, likelihood estimation, change-point, sequential
detection, weak convergence.

Wednesday, November 9, 2022

Xinyuan Chen
Assistant Professor of Statistics
Mississippi State University

A Bayesian Machine Learning Approach for Estimating Heterogeneous Survivor Causal Effects: Applications to a Critical Care Trial
Assessing heterogeneity in the effects of treatments has become increasingly popular in the field of causal inference and carries important implications for clinical decision-making. While extensive literature exists for studying treatment effect heterogeneity when outcomes are fully observed, there has been limited development of tools for estimating heterogeneous causal effects when patient-centered outcomes are truncated by a terminal event, such as death. Due to mortality occurring during study follow-up, the outcomes of interest are unobservable, undefined, or not fully observed for specific subgroups of participants, therefore requiring the principal stratification framework to draw valid causal conclusions. Motivated by the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network (ARDSNetwork) ARDS respiratory management (ARMA) trial, we developed a flexible Bayesian machine learning approach to estimate the average causal effect and heterogeneous causal effects among the always-survivors stratum when clinical outcomes are subject to truncation. We adopted Bayesian additive regression trees (BART) to flexibly specify separate models for the potential outcomes and latent strata membership. In the analysis of the ARMA trial, we found that the low tidal volume treatment had an overall benefit for participants sustaining acute lung injuries on the outcome of time to returning home, but substantial heterogeneity in treatment effects among the always-survivors, driven most strongly by sex and the alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient at baseline (a physiologic measure of lung function and source of hypoxemia). These findings illustrate how the proposed methodology could guide the prognostic enrichment of future trials in the field. We also demonstrated through a simulation study that our proposed Bayesian machine learning approach outperforms other parametric methods in reducing the estimation bias in both the average causal effect and heterogeneous causal effects for always-survivors.

Wednesday, November 30, 2022

Louis Aimé FONO
Research Group in Applied Mathematics for Social Science
University of Douala-Cameroon

On Some Probability Distributions of Customer Sensitivity for Premium Renewal in Non-life Insurance
Every year, non- life insurers face the recursing problem of adjusting premium. This problem comes from the trade-off between the need of increasing the global revenue of the company and the need of retention of the existing customers of the portfolio. Traditional pricing methods (General Linear Model or Credibility Theory) solve this problem by a static approach and they do not take into account the customer sensitivity and/or the prices offered by competing compagnies. Elena et al. [1] formalized and solved the pricing renewal problem of a non-life insurance company by using a dynamic approach based on reinforcement learning (Markov Decision Problem). The insurer has a portfolio of costumers and therefore a total turnover (initial state). At the time of contract renewal, the insurer (agent) offers a renewal premium to the first insured (we say that the agent takes action). Whether or not the insured accepts the renewal premium, his decision leads the company to a new state (new income and new retention). Then, taking into account the new situation of the company, the insurer repeats sequentially the same action to all the others insureds in the portfolio.
This paper extends and improves the model of Elena et al. in various circumstances. More precisely, we propose some families of probability distributions that take into consideration sensitivity of insurers to the new premiums. We rewrite the Elena et al.’s model by replacing regression probability by the obtained probability distributions and we obtain our new pricing models. We find the best strategy for insurer to set renewal price through reinforcement learning algorithms. The implementation of the newly obtained reinforcement models on a portfolio of contracts by using backward SARSA( ) learning agent yields better results than those obtained by Elena and al. [1]. Keywords: Pricing renewal in Non-life insurance; Reinforcement learning; Customer sensitivity; Customer renewal probabilities.
References
[1] Elena K. and Garcia J., Maestre R. and Fernandez F. (2019) Reinforcement learning for pricing strategy optimization in the insurance industry, Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 80 (C) 8-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engappai.2019.01.010
[2] Ngnié F.C. Mbama E.B., Fotso S. and Fono L.A. (2021) On the study of premium renewal problem in non-life insurance based on two families of customer renewal probability through reinforcement learning. Online Astin Colloquia.

 

 

See Previous Seminars

Previous Statistics Seminars

Friday, November 1, 2019, 11:00-11:50am, Hume 331.

Martial Longla
University of Mississippi

Sometimes, Disorder Helps (pdf)

Friday, October 18, 2019, 1:00-2:00pm, Hume 321.

Timothy Fortune
University of Mississippi

Local Limit Theorem for Linear Random Fields (pdf)

Friday, October 11, 2019, 1:00-2:00pm, Hume 321.

Dongsheng Wu
University of Alabama-Huntsville

Weak Convergence of Martingales and its Application to Nonlinear Cointegrating Model (pdf)

Wednesday, October 2, 2019, 11:00-11:50am, Hume 321.

Xin Dang
University of Mississippi

Gini Distance Correlation and Feature Selection (pdf)

Friday, May 5, 2017, 2:00-2:50pm, Hume 331.

Qian Zhou
Mississippi State University

Model Misspecification in Statistical Analysis (pdf)

Monday, April 24, 2017, 3:30-4:20pm, Hume 321.

Tung-Lung Wu
Mississippi State University

Tests for High-Dimensional Covariance Matrices Using Random Matrix Projection (pdf)

Monday, February 3, 2017, 4:00-4:50pm, Hume 321.

Dao Nguyen
University of California-Berkeley

Iterated Filtering and Iterated Smoothing Algorithms (pdf)

Friday, April 29, 2016, 2:00-2:50 PM, Hume 321.

David Mason
University of Delaware

Bootstrapping the Student t‐Statistic (pdf)

Friday, March 25, 2016, 2:00-2:50 PM, Hume 331.

Yichuan Zhao
Georgia State University

Jackknife Empirical Likelihood Methods for the Gini Index (pdf)

Thursday, December 3, 2015, 2:00-2:50 PM, Hume 321.

Junying Zhang
Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, P. R. China

Marginal Empirical Likelihood Independence Screening in Sparse Ultrahigh Dimensional Additive Models (pdf)

Thursday, October 23, 2014, 2:00-2:50 PM, Hume 321.

Yimin Xiao
Michigan State University

On the Excursion Probabilities of Gaussian Random Fields (pdf)

Friday, November 2, 2012, 2:15-3:05 PM, Hume 331.

Charles Katholi
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Estimating Proportions by Group Testing: A Frequentist Approach (pdf)

Friday, November 11, 2011 at 2:00 PM in Hume 331.

Cuilan Gao
St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital

Evaluate Agreement of Differential Expression for Translational Cross-Species Genomics (pdf)

Friday, October 21, 2011 at 2:00 PM in Hume 331.

Yang Cheng
Mississippi State University

Orbit Uncertainty Propagation Using Sparse Grid-Based Method (pdf)

Thursday, October 13, 2011 at 1:00 PM in Hume 331.

Meng Zhao
Mississippi State University

Local Linear Regression with Censored Data (pdf)

Friday, October 15, 2010 at 3:00 PM in Hume 331.

Pradeep Singh
Southeast Missouri State University

A Modified Approach in Statistical Significance for Genome Wide Studies (pdf)

Friday, April 23, 2010 at 2:00 PM in Hume 201.

Ebenezer Olusegun George
University of Memphis

On the Exchangeable Multinomial Distribution (pdf)

Wednesday, April 14, 2010 at 2:00 PM in Hume 201.

Deo Kumar Srivastava
St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital

Robust Multiple Regression based on Winsorization and Bootstrap Methods (pdf)

Wednesday, Februry 3, 2010 at 3:00 PM in Hume 331.

Paul Schliekelman
University of Georgia

Integrating Genome-wide Expression Information into Genome Scans for Complex Traits (pdf)

Friday, December 4, 2009 at 3:00 PM in Hume 331.

Justin Shows
Mississippi State University

Sparse Estimation and Inference for Censored Median Regression (pdf)

Thursday, November 12, 2009 at 1:30 PM in Hume 331.

Hanzhe Zheng
Merck Research Laboratories

Adaptive Design in Clinical Trials (pdf)

Wednesday, November 19, 2008 at 3:00 PM in Hume 331.

Stan Pounds
St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital

Reference Alignment of SNP Microarray Signals for Copy Number Analysis of Tumors (pdf)

Wednesday, October 22, 2008 at 3:00 PM in Hume 331.

Russell Stocker
Mississippi State University

Optimal Goodness-of-Fit Tests (pdf)

Wednesday, April 22, 2005 in Hume Hall room 331 at 11:00 AM.

Gauri Sankar Datta
University of Georgia

Bayesian approach to survey sampling (pdf)

Wednesday, April 6, 2005 in Hume Hall room 331 at 2:00 pm.

Dawn Wilkins
University of Mississippi

Supervised and Unsupervised Learning with Microarray Data (pdf)

Friday, April 1, 2005 in Hume Hall room 331 at 11:00 AM.

Hemant K. Tiwari
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Issues & Challenges in Genetic Analysis of Complex Disorders (pdf)

Thursday, March 10, 2005 in Hume Hall room 331 at 3:00 pm.

Ajit Sadana
University of Mississippi

A Fractal Analysis of Binding and Dissociation Kinetics of Glucose and Related Analytes on Biosensor Surfaces (pdf)

Friday, November 12, 2004 in Hume Hall room 331 at 11:00 AM.

Jane L. Harvill
Mississippi State University

Modeling and Prediction for Nonlinear Time Series (pdf)

Friday, October 29, 2004 in Hume Hall room 331 at 12:00pm.

Fenghai Duan
Yale School of Public Healthy

Probe-level Correction in Analysis of Affymetrix Data (pdf)

Friday, October 8, 2004 in Hume Hall room 331 at 11:00 AM.

J. Sunil Rao
Case Western Reserve University

Spike and slab variable selection: frequentist and Bayesian strategies (in DNA microarray data analysis) (pdf)

Friday, September 10, 2004 in Hume Hall room 331 at 11:00 AM.

Warren May
University of Mississippi Medical Center

On Being a Statistician in a Medical Center Environment (pdf)

Friday, March 26, 2004 in Hume Hall room 331 4:00pm.

Malay Ghosh
University of Florida

Hierarchical Bayesian Neural Networks: An Application to Prostate Cancer Study (pdf)

Friday, March 19, 2004 in Hume Hall room 331 at 4:00pm.

Pranab K. Sen
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Constrained Inference in Statistical Practice (pdf)

Friday, February 27, 2004 in Hume Hall room 331 11:00 AM.

Ebenezer Olusegun George
University of Memphis

Statistical Methods for Analyzing Clustered Discrete Data: Applications to Teratology Studies (pdf)

Time and location to be announced.

Haimeng Zhang
Concordia College

Estimating Survival Functions In Koziol-Green Models (pdf)

Wednesday, November 19th, 2003, 11:00-12:00 Noon, Hume 331.

Deo Kumar Srivastava
St. Jude Children’s Hospital

Impact of Censoring in Survival Analysis (pdf)

Time and location to be announced.

Z. Govindarajulu
University of Kentucky

Robustness of Small Sample Size Re-estimation Procedures (pdf)

Wednesday, October 29, 2003 in Hume Hall Room 331 at 12:15 pm.

Xueqin Wang
University of Mississippi

Asymptotics of the Theil-Sen Estimator in Simple Linear Regression Model With a Random Covariate (pdf)

Thursday, October 23, 2003 in Hume Hall Room 331 at 12:00 pm.

Xueqin Wang
University of Mississippi

Unbiasedness of the Theil-Sen Estimator (pdf)

Friday, September 26, 2003 in Hume Hall Room 331 at 12:00 PM .

Patrick D. Gerard
Mississippi State University

Estimating Polulation Density in Line Transect Sampling Using Kernel Methods (pdf)

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